Binare optionen kaution 10 euros18 comments
Optionsxpress option auto-trade
Application Procedures page limits, proposal content, etc. NASA announces a call for proposals to use its share of observing time at the W. This call for semester B August 1, — January 31, will allocate 38 nights of observing, with planned allocations of 17 nights on Keck 1 and 21 nights on Keck 2, distributed evenly across dark, grey, and bright time. Proposals were due on Thursday, March 20, at 4pm PDT and should be submitted via the online submission page.
The scientific areas in which proposals are solicited are: Investigations in support of Exoplanet Exploration science goals and missions Investigations in support of Cosmic Origins science goals and missions Investigations in support of Physics of the Cosmos science goals and missions Investigations of our own Solar System.
Direct mission support proposals in any of these scientific areas are also encouraged. The goals of the Exoplanet Exploration Program are described in several documents , including the May report of the Exoplanet Task force to the Astronomy and Astrophysics Advisory committee. Please note that only proposals regarding observation of exoplanets should be declared as Exoplanet Exploration.
With the release of public data from Kepler, NASA is now accepting general proposals for the use of the Keck telescopes in support of observations of Kepler targets. More information about this limited time is below. Cosmic Origins COR Science comprises projects that enable the study of how stars and galaxies came into being, how they evolve, and ultimately how they end their lives. Physics of the Cosmos PCOS contains missions that can explore the most extreme physical conditions of the universe, from black holes to dark energy.
During the review process, a numerical grade will be assigned for strategic relevance and given significant weight. Proposals may be reassigned to a different science area if deemed appropriate.
Programs requiring many nights of Keck time over multiple semesters up to 4 semesters may be submitted in response to this call, but must explicitly and strongly justify their strategic connection to the stated goals. Within these broad guidelines, the allocation of time will be made based on scientific merit, strategic importance, availability of resources, and the uniqueness of Keck's capabilities for the particular investigation.
Starting in A and continuing in future semesters, there will be limited time available on the Keck telescopes to make single semester observations of targets based on Kepler data. Due to the scheduling constraints imposed by the successful Kepler Key Science Projects from B, the total amount of time available for the smaller single-semester proposals is limited to no more than 2 nights on Keck I.
However, there are no specific limitations on the number of nights on Keck II. All proposals for observing Kepler targets must follow the guidelines detailed below: Proposals to use Keck II are not subject to any scheduling constraints.
Proposals to use Keck I cannot ask for multi-semester status, and must fit into one of the following two categories. The proposal must clearly specify which category. Radial velocity measurements for transit validation and orbital determinations: If selected by the TAC, an observing allocation of minutes per night on up to 10 nights, which is an equivalent of 2 nights of Keck time, will be available.
It is likely that the entire 10 night allocation will go to a single team, but proposals which use fewer minute allocations are also allowed. All nights will likely be scheduled during either July A semester or August B semester and the proposal cannot impose scheduling constraints on when those nights are allocated. The minutes per night will always be at the start or end of the night as defined by degree twilight. The successful team s must support all 10 nights in person or remotely at one of the facilities available to NASA Keck users for remote observing.
Up to two nights are available in either July A semester or August B semester. Limited scheduling flexibility will be available. Half-nights may be available but MUST be scientifically justified. Data taken with all instruments are now included in the Keck Observatory Archive Ib. Restricted Keck 1 time during summer months. Proposals from PIs, or any Co-Is , who have access to the Keck telescopes through other means the University of California, Caltech, Yale, Keck Observatory, Swinburne, and the University of Hawaii should indicate in their proposals specifically how they are using any other Keck telescope time they have been awarded within the last two years for the proposed project and why their research requires time beyond the allocations available through their institutions.
For example, the ability to achieve the science objectives with and without NASA time could be either a positive or a negative factor.
In the case of two proposals ranked equally on scientific and technical merit, the TAC might use access to additional Keck time as described above as one of the factors in determining the final ranking. Other factors which the TAC may use are listed below in the specific points which proposals must address. To maximize the scientific return of NASA's investment in Keck, NExScI will, when possible, work with other TACs which distribute federally-funded Keck time to ensure that the same proposal submitted to two different TACs in the same semester is not allocated more total time than needed in the judgment of the respective TACs to conduct the proposed science.
The scientific case for observing time should establish three things: Outline the scientific problem s or question s toward whose solution the observations are requested, and place these questions in the larger scientific context.
Show how the measurements requested will be used to illuminate these questions or problems. Demonstrate how the proposed science fits into NASA's strategic goals for its Keck time as listed above. Please note that a numerical grade will be assigned for strategic relevance. The technical case should demonstrate that the proposed measurements are technically feasible, given the performance of the proposed instrument s , in the time requested and that the proposal team has the requisite expertise to make the observations and reduce the data in a timely manner.
Mission support proposals must include additional supporting materials as stated in the next section. The number of target objects required should be justified. All applications must include complete lists of the objects to be observed, their magnitudes and their approximate equatorial coordinates sufficient to determine scheduling within the semester.
Applications without such lists will be rejected. Specific points that must be addressed include: How the proposed observations relate to the applicant's previous work and to other work in the field. Why the Keck Observatory is particularly important or even essential for the proposed observations. The required spatial, spectral, and temporal range and resolution. Estimates of the signal-to-noise required and expected, and justification for the number of nights requested for the entire program.
If new or unusual techniques are to be used, make clear how observations and calibrations will be obtained. Brief description of the status of large telescope time that has been awarded during the past 2 years, such as progress with data reduction and publications.
Access to Keck telescopes through other institutions for this or related programs in past 2 years. Any other information that may assist the TAC in evaluating the scientific merits of the proposal and its suitability for the Keck Telescopes. The proposal should be aimed at someone who is not a specialist in the area of astronomy under study.
A specific scientific case, rather than a broad general one, is usually more successful. Proposals that span multiple semesters should justify their extended requests as addressed in Section III. Essential to achieving Level 1 Requirements of the mission, e.
The TAC accepts these Mission Support Proposals and evaluates them on the basis of their scientific merit just as any proposal. All proposals submitted under the mission support category must include all of the following: A formal justification for the current semester, in writing, from the flight project, e.
Hashima Hasan hhasan nasa. These letters must be requested from NASA Headquarters no less than 10 business days before the proposal due date i. Clear evidence that the project requires the m Keck Telescopes. Since the strong support of your letter writers is critical to deciding whether or not your proposal meets Mission Support criteria, contact the relevant flight project lead as well as Dr.
Dawn Gelino dawn ipac. Omission of any of these items will eliminate a proposal from consideration in the mission support category. Such proposals will be evaluated along with the general proposal pool without special consideration for programmatic impact. Principal investigators are allowed to submit proposals that span up to 4 semesters.
The NASA Keck TAC will be instructed to consider these proposals in light of all of the criteria that apply for single semester proposals, in addition to the following considerations: If the proposal were accepted for only a single semester, what is the likelihood that it would be successfully resubmitted over the ensuing semesters? How much observing time does the TAC consider appropriate to remove from consideration in upcoming semesters?
Does the PI have a demonstrated history of successful proposals? In considering multi-semester proposals, the TAC may recommend accepting the proposal in its entirety, for some subset of the proposed semesters, or reject it outright.
NASA has allocated a number of nights in semesters BA outside of those for the general call noted above for the selected Kepler Key Science programs. Due to this strategic allocation, only programs ranked very highly in both scientific relevance and strategic importance will be considered for scheduling on Keck I during the months when the Kepler fields are visible June-September.
Note that half nights outside of these months are not encouraged. Proposers should bear in mind that proposals requesting less than full nights must be scientifically and technically justified and can ordinarily be accommodated only if they can be combined with another selected NASA proposal requiring the same instrument in the same configuration.
Observing modes that require substantial observatory support e. Due to the extreme difficulty in scheduling the telescope in smaller than 0. Runs of more than several contiguous nights are also difficult to arrange and must be scientifically and technically justified.
Data presented herein were obtained at the W. Keck Observatory from telescope time allocated to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration through the agency's scientific partnership with the California Institute of Technology and the University of California. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. The authors wish to recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Mauna Kea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community.
We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain. However, proposers should bear in mind that ToO observations are difficult to schedule and usually require rescinding or reducing the allocation of an already-scheduled NASA observer. ToO proposals for events likely to happen during a single semester e. Only proposals that fit the case of a ToO observation of a truly extraordinary opportunity that could not have been anticipated prior to the regular proposal deadline may be submitted outside of the regular submission cycle by e-mail or FAX to: Note that all ToO proposals must meet the strategic relevance guidelines described above.
Application Procedures Application Procedures To submit your proposal, please follow the guidelines outlined on the Application Procedures page, and submit your proposal via the online submission page. Subject to the availability of funds , NASA will financially support the programs assigned time through this call for proposals.
Principal investigators of programs assigned time will receive limited research and travel support contingent upon NASA Headquarters funding. Funding awards will be determined through formulaic means.