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The GAD program was integrated into the MBN approach, resulting in an increased appreciation unified trade brokers del norte school district the role of women and men in realizing the vision of the province.
This case provides information and insights that may prove useful for GAD stakeholders looking for alternative approaches to GAD mainstreaming in government programs and projects.
The Minimum Basic Needs MBN Approach, which the provincial government of Davao del Norte has adopted as its framework for achieving meaningful development in the province, is a strategy that converges all the programs unified trade brokers del norte school district the various provincial government agencies towards one goal: The implementation of this approach is participatory, i.
To be faithful to these guiding principles, the gender perspective was incorporated into the MBN approach. GAD mainstreaming was made possible through the enactment of necessary policies, issuance of directives, and creation of mechanisms to coordinate and facilitate the mainstreaming process.
All LGUs, from the provincial to the barangay levels, and the civil society are involved in the mainstreaming efforts. Their cooperation and compliance are assured through the provision of support systems such as capacity development, linkages and networks, resources, consultations, and participatory methods.
The implementation of the GAD program has enhanced the local government's effectiveness and responsiveness in dealing with the concerns of its constituents. It also fostered greater appreciation of the role and contribution of both women and men in realizing the vision of the province.
An MBN survey conducted in surfaced a number of pressing problems confronting the women in the poorest sectors of the province. Some of the sectoral gender-related problems that were identified are the following:. Poverty, with more than 57, families living below the poverty line income of P36, or less annually. Marginalization of women in agriculture due to stereotyping, low access to technology, and low income. Inadequate protective services, with one police officer per 1, persons the standard is 1: Marginalization of men in the traditionally women-centered health services, which may have contributed to a higher male crude death rate of High maternal and child mortality and morbidity; and a limited and women-focused family planning program.
Inadequate and inaccessible water supply in many areas, unavailability of power supply in a number of barangays, as well as lack of environment-friendly solid waste disposal system; and.
Insignificant participation of women in governance, with only ten of the elective positions in the municipal and city levels occupied by women There are only 14 women out of punong barangays and in the remaining 1, elective barangay positions. At the same time, GAD mainstreaming was envisioned to respond to the fundamental concerns of integrating GAD in local planning at all levels, promoting more gender-fair hiring and promotion systems, and undertaking a more gender-sensitive analysis of employees' needs.
The GAD Program was integrated into the overall scheme of unified trade brokers del norte school district with clear-cut objectives identified by sector, as follows:. For the social sector to enhance the comprehensive and integrated delivery of social services through the MBN Approach; to improve employment opportunities for women and men; to strengthen the youth development and welfare unified trade brokers del norte school district and to establish child-friendly day care centers and a Women Crisis Center.
For the protective services sector to promote people's participation in fostering a safe, peaceful and orderly community; to ensure equal access of women and men in the police force to services and unified trade brokers del norte school district and to ensure the availability of gender sensitive and responsive services.
It has committed to increase awareness of GAD issues in the male dominated political leadership; build a strong support base for GAD mainstreaming among development agencies, executive and legislative bodies, NGOs, and POs; and mobilize all agencies of government in identifying and developing gender-responsive indicators to be used in planning, programming, budgeting, monitoring, and evaluation systems.
Strategies and activities were put in place taking into consideration the strengths and weaknesses of the organization, as well as the opportunities and threats posed by external factors. The strategies and activities adopted were:. This includes top-level advocacy and GAD orientation for local chief executives; provincial, city and municipal legislators; administrators; and department heads.
To institutionalize the GAD program, a series of resolutions, ordinances, executive orders, memoranda, and circulars were passed, adopted, and issued by the legislative and executive branches of the provincial government. Information-education materials were drafted and reproduced.
GAD billboards were also installed in strategic areas around the province. They, in turn, conducted trainers' trainings and Gender Sensitivity Trainings among identified key persons in the city and municipal levels.
The capability-building sessions included a one-day GAD orientation, two-day Gender Sensitivity Training, and one half-day symposium and forum. Formulation of a gender-responsive comprehensive development plan. Approved on Maythe plan is now being implemented. Production of the GAD Module. The Provincial GAD Team, with the technical assistance of consultants and other sectoral representatives, formulated a module customized to the Davao del Norte gender concerns.
This module is periodically modified based on the changing needs of the target audiences. Conduct of GAD Unified trade brokers del norte school district meetings and conferences. The GAD Teams in the different levels regularly hold the Kumustahan sa GAD, consultative conferences, and meetings to maintain and sustain their network, and enrich one another with their sharing of their experiences.
Monitoring, assessment, and evaluation. A monitoring team was formed to keep track of the progress of the various GAD teams, monitor the implementation of GAD programs and projects, and check the implementation of GR-CDP in the local government units. The monitoring team regularly holds semestral and year-end assessments and evaluations with the GAD teams in the different levels.
Resource networks were established. Its members come from the following departments and offices: The members are assigned to different committees, e. In addition, women legislators and recognized women's organizations submit program and project unified trade brokers del norte school district to the Office of the Governor for funding. All inputs, plans, and proposals are identified and prioritized as to budgetary allocation and implementation. At the institutional level, there are two significant results that ensure the progressive enhancement of GAD mainstreaming in the province:.
First is the institutionalization of the GAD Program in all levels through the issuance of official directives and creation of mechanisms for the purpose.
Notable are EO No. The Sangguniang Panlalawigan likewise issued relevant resolutions and ordinances such as Resolution Nos.
Led by the provincial government, the local chief executives issued a pledge of commitment to institutionalize GAD in all cities unified trade brokers del norte school district municipalities. GAD teams and trainers pools were formed and extensively prepared for the task of gender mainstreaming. The second result is the institution of the GAD budget as an integral part of the regular budget allocation of the province. Some of the results emerging from these gender-responsive programs are:.
Increased adoption of technologies that allow fair participation of women and men in agricultural production and marketing. This was attained through the provision of equal training opportunities for women and men on such concerns as integrated pest management, biological control agents program, and organic and bio-fertilizers production. A total of 1, male and 1, female participants have been trained. GSTs were conducted among the officers and members of the various Rural Improvement Clubs, and a gender-based data banking system was put in place.
Enhanced capacity of women for unified trade brokers del norte school district generation. Aside from farming skills, women have been trained on meat processing, livestock raising; lemon juice processing; agriproducts trading; fish processing; peanut brittle, candy and pastries preparation; and coconut midrib plate- and bag-making. Increased financial resources for women's economic activities. The local councils of women managed livelihood projects and micro-lending programs sourced through grants and aids from national and international institutions.
Recently, Abanse Pinay a party list group released a substantial sum for the councils' livelihood and enterprise development undertakings. Managed by the Davao del Norte Council of Women, the amount has significantly improved women's opportunities for capital build-up, savings, and investment potentials. Improved implementation of the day care program through an accreditation process that ensures the gender- and child-friendliness of day care structures and facilities.
There was also a significant increase additional 39 in the number of day care centers set up in the province. Increased education campaign on and implementation of waste management initiatives.
Lectures on waste management were conducted, creative means of recycling scrap were identified, and garbage receptacles and hangers were distributed to the puroks and barangays. Intensified implementation of the Special Program for the Employment of Students and provisions unified trade brokers del norte school district more opportunities for qualified out-of-school youth to avail of scholarship grants.
Refocusing of the reproductive health program to involve the men, leading to the creation of a Male Reproductive Health Clinic in every rural health unit, city health office, and district hospital. Andropause, STD, other renal tract infections, and sexual dysfunctions are now subjects of open discussion in symposia, counseling sessions, and advocacy campaigns. Prostate and testicular problems are diagnosed and treated in the regular medical facilities. Determining family size and child spacing have become the couple's shared responsibility.
Presence of more gender- and children- sensitive protective services. The "Kinder Cop" Program of the Provincial Unified trade brokers del norte school district Office PPO included information-education campaigns in schools to lessen the incidence of child abuse and regain the confidence unified trade brokers del norte school district the youth on the authorities.
Increased attention to ensuring accessibility of unified trade brokers del norte school district services such as water. The women played a crucial role in making this possible. For example, the Talaingod Women's Association, Inc.
Availability of comprehensive services for women victims of violence. The Davao del Norte Council of Women and the Provincial Government established and made operational the Women Development Center to extend shelter, and legal and psychological assistance to women and children victims of violence.
The GAD team members and resource networks are confronted with some organizational problems. One is the heavy workload of the GAD focal persons, making it inevitable for the program to take a backseat in terms of prioritization.
Finding a mutually convenient schedule for meetings and activities continues to be a challenge for the Provincial GAD Coordinator. Finally, the modules for the gender sensitivity training are not customized to the unique contexts of the Muslims, indigenous communities, and the youth sector. GAD mainstreaming brought together the different sectors in Davao del Norte: This resulted in their unified commitment to pursue gender equity and equality in their homes and in their communities.
A number of these stakeholders have testified to the liberating experience the awareness and sensitivity seminars brought into their personal and social relationships. Indeed, people are the central force in GAD mainstreaming. Greater awareness on gender and development issues among local chief executives and local officials paves the way for the formulation of policies and legislation responsive to the cause of women and children, and facilitates funding for gender-related plans and programs.
A unified trade brokers del norte school district mechanism for women's participation in problem identification, problem resolution, and local governance, from the provincial to the municipal and city levels, is the turnkey to GAD mainstreaming.
Regular capability-building exercises, and constant meetings and conferences enhance teambuilding and provide GAD team members with avenues for mutual learning. An established system unified trade brokers del norte school district GAD planning, budgeting, monitoring, and evaluation makes possible the coordinated and efficient implementation of gender mainstreaming programs and projects at various levels.
Certainly, GAD ushered in a paradigm shift in conventional governance. In Davao del Norte, local governments have visibly veered away from looking at male and female statistics as mere figures; they now see in these statistics women and men with sensibilities and sensitivities. Originally published in the Gender-Responsive Local Governance: Skip to main content. Overview The Minimum Basic Needs MBN Approach, which the provincial government of Davao del Norte has adopted as its framework for achieving meaningful development in the province, is a strategy that converges all the programs of the various provincial government agencies towards one goal: Some of the sectoral gender-related problems that were identified are the following: